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Author: K. E. Eduljee

Choosing the Path


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The Two

   
Gathic text English Translation Free Rendering
Zarathushtra:Zoroaster:Zoroaster:
30.1 Gathas / Yasna
At1 ta2 vakhshya3 ishento4 Now1 I will speak3 to the assembled4 of the two2, Now I will speak to the assembled of the two
  ya1 Mazdatha2 hyat3 chit4 vidushe5   who1 Mazda-created2 be3 it4 known5,   who were created by Mazda, be it known
staota1 cha2 ahurai3 with2 hymns1 and2 divine3 And sing hymns with divine dedications
  yesnya1 cha2 vangheush3 manangho4   dedications1, and2 highest3 thoughts4,   and the highest thoughts
hu-manzdra1 ashaye2 cha3 and3 the good-principles1 of Asha2, And the good principles of Asha
  ya1 raochebish2 daresara3 urvaza4   - that which1 is the light2 of guidance3 for souls towards bliss4   that light the path for souls towards bliss
    
30.2
sraota1 gueshaish2 vahishta3 Listen1 with (your) ears2 the highest3 (ideals), Listen with your ears the highest ideals
  avaenata1 sucha2 manangha3   consider1 the most enlightened2 thoughts3,   consider the most enlightened thoughts
avarenao1 vichithahya2 then between the two1 choose2 Then let the path between the two be chosen
  narem1 narem2 khakhyai3 tanuye4   person1 by person2 each3 for oneself4   person by person each for oneself
para1 maze2 yaongho3 before1 the great2 reckoning3 Before the great reckoning
  ahmai1 ne2 sazdyai3 baodanto4 paiti5   this1 we2 make known3 to awaken4 each one5   awake ye all to this my counsel
    
30.3
at1 ta2 mainyu3 pouruye4 Now1 the two2 mainyu3 primordial4 Now the two mainyu primordial
  ya1 yema2 khvafena3 asrvatem4   who1 were twin2 well-working3, became4   who were twin well-working, became
manahi1 cha2 vachahi3 cha4 in thoughts1 and2 words3 and4 In thought and word and deed
  shyathanoi1 hi2 vahyo3 akem4 cha5   deeds1, apart2, the good3 and5 the bad,4   separate, the better and the bad
aos1 cha2 hu-daongho3* eresh4 vishyata5 And2 of which1 the hu-daongho3* rightly4 choose5 And of these two the wise do rightly choose
  noit1 duz-daongho2* (but) not1 the duz-daongho2*   but not so those in ignorance.
    
2*note: duz-daongho = possessing evil thoughts. Also ignorant, stupid, destructive, vile, malignant, malicious (qualities of the dregvant. See 30.4 below) 3*note: hu-daongho = possessing good thoughts or sense. Also wise, judicious, constructive, beneficent (qualities of the ashavan. See 30.4 below)  
   
30.4
at1 cha2 hyat3 ta4 hem5 mainyu6 And2 now1 when3 the two4 mainyu6 together5 And now when the two mainyu together
  jasetem1 paourvim2 dazde3   gathered1 in the beginning2, they produced3   foregathered, they produced
gaem1 cha2 ajyaitim3 cha4 being (or life)1 and2 not-being (or not-living)3 Being and not-being
  yatha-cha1 anghat2 apemem3 angheush4   which1 became2 ultimately3 in life4   which ultimately became in life
achisto1 dregvatam2 the baseness1 of the dregvant2 The baseness of the dregvant
  at1 ashaune2 vahishtem3 mano4   yet1 the ashavan's2 highest3 mind4.   and the ashavan's highest mind.
   
   

The Two Paths in Life
&
The Best Existence - Vahishtem Anghuim

   
Avestan Text text English Translation Free Rendering
Vispa Humata - Khordeh Avesta
vispa1 humata2 vispa3 hukhta4 vispa5 hvarshta6 baodho-varshta7 every1 good thought2 every3 good word4 every5 good deed6 is of wisdom born7 Every good thought every good word every good deed is of wisdom born
vispa1 dushmata2 vispa3 duzhukhta4 vispa5 duzhvarshta6 noit7 baodho-varshta8 every1 evil thought2 every3 evil word4 every5 evil deed6 is not7 of wisdom born8 Every evil thought every evil word every evil deed is not of wisdom born
vispa1 humata2 vispa3 hukhta4 vispa5 hvarshta6 vahishtem7 anghuim8 ashaeta9 every1 good thought2 every3 good word4 every5 good deed6 the best7 life8 leads9 Every good thought every good word every good deed leads to the best existence
vispa1 dushmata2 vispa3 duzhukhta4 vispa5 duzhvarshta6 achishtem7 anghuim8 ashaeta9 every1 evil thought2 every3 evil word4 every5 evil deed6 the worst7 life8 leads9 Every evil thought every evil word every evil deed leads to the worst life
vispa1 humata2 vispa3 hukhta4 vispa5 hvarshta6 vahishta7 anghui8 every1 good thought2 every3 good word4 every5 good deed6 the best7 life is7 Every good thought every good word every good deed is the best existence
at1 hacha2 chithrem3 ashaone4 that1 which2 is begotten of3 righteous order4 That which is begotten of righteous order
   
72.11 (colophon to the Yasna)
aevo1 pantao2 yo3 ashahe4 The one1 path2 is that3 of Asha4 The one path is that of Asha
  vispe1 anyaesham2 apantam3   all1 others2 are not-paths3   all others are not-paths.
   
   

Fravarane - Pledge of Faith

   
Avestan Text text English Translation Free Rendering
Yasna 12.8.9
Person praying:Person praying:Person praying:
Mazdayasni1 ahmi2 A worshipper of God1 I am2 I am a worshipper of God
Mazdayasni1 Zarathushtrish2 A worshipper of God1 a Zarathushtrian2 A Zarathushtrian in worship of God
Fravarane1 astuataascha2 fravarotascha3 I declare1 these pledges2 and intents3 These pledges and intents I do declare:
Astuye humtem mano I pledge1 to good thoughts2 (the) mind3 I pledge my thoughts to good thoughts
Astuye1 hukhtem2 vacho3 I pledge1 to good words2 (the) speech3 I pledge my speech to good words
Astuye1 hvarashtem2 shyaothanem3 I pledge1 to good deeds2 (the) actions3 I pledge my actions to good deeds
Astuye1 daenam2 vanghuhim3 Mazdayasnim4 I pledge1 discerning belief2 the highest3 worship of God4 I pledge myself to the highest discerning belief in worship of God
   
   

Avowal

   
Avestan Text text English Translation Free Rendering
Yasna 10.16
panchanam1 ahmi2 panchanam3 noit4 ahmi5 of five1 I am2 of five3 not4 I am5 I am of five, of five I am not
humatatahe1 ahmi2 dushmatahe3 noit4 ahmi5 of good thoughts1 I am2 of evil thoughts3 not4 I am5 I am of good thoughts, I am not of evil thoughts
hukhtahe1 ahmi2 duzhhukhtahe3 noit4 ahmi5 of good words1 I am2 of evil words3 not4 I am5 I am of good words, I am not of evil words
hvarshtahe1 ahmi2 duzhvarshtahe3 noit4 ahmi5 of good deeds1 I am2 of evil deeds3 not4 I am5 I am of good deeds, I am not of evil deeds
sraoshahe1 ahmi2 asroashahe3 noit4 ahmi5 with conscience1 I am2 without conscience3 not4 I am5 I am with conscience, without conscience I am not
ashaono1 ahmi2 dravato3 noit4 ahmi5 of righteous order1 I am2 of the lie3 (also falsehood, disorder and destruction) not4 I am5 I am of righteous order, I am not of falsehood
at-chit1 ahmat2 of these alone1 I am2 Of these alone I am
yatha1 apemem2 mainvao3 anghat4 niaitish5 so that1 finally2 the (two) spiritualities3 between4 differentiate5 So that I may differentiate absolutely between the two spiritualities
   
   

Creed

   
Avestan Text text English Translation Free Rendering
Vendidad 18.17  
ma1 thrayam2 vahishtanam3 aiwithyo4 buyata5 on1 three2 highest ideals3 ever intent4 be5 On three noble ideals be ever intent
humatahe-cha1 manangho2 good thoughts1 thought2 the good thought well thought
hukhtahe-cha1 vacangho good words1 spoken2 the good word well spoken
hvarshtahe-cha1 shyaothnahe good deeds1 done2 the good deed well done
   
   

Great Artisan

   
Avestan Text text English Translation Free Rendering
Yasna 44.5
tat1 thwa2 peresa3 eresh4 moi5 vaocha6 Ahura7 This1 You2 I ask3 truly4 me5 tell6 Lord7 This of You I ask; tell me truly Lord
ke1 hvapa2 raochas-cha3 dat4 temas-cha 5 Which1 artisan2 light-and3 made4 darkness-and5 Which artisan made light and darkness?
ke1 hvapa2 khvafnem-cha 3 dat4 zaema-cha5 Which1 artisan2 sleep-and3 made4 wakefulness-and5 Which artisan made sleep and wakefulness?
ke1 ya2 usha3 arem-4 pithwa5 khshapa-cha6 Which1 who (at)2 dawn3 half-4 sun5 dusk5 Who at dawn, noon and dusk
ya1 manaothrish2 chazdonghvantem3 arethahya4 who1 instils2 the discerning person3 (with) purpose4 Instils the discerning person with purpose?
   
  Translations by K. E. Eduljee, 1985-2008

Zoroastrian Scripture pages:

» Avesta / Scriptures: Texts, Translations, Content Description

» History: Composition, Transmission, Compilation, Destruction

» Avestan Manuscripts

» Scripture Selections: Choosing the Path

Additional Reading

» Avestan, Iranian, Persian Languages. Scripts