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Zoroastrian Heritage

Author: K. E. Eduljee

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Contents

Persepolis

Page 1

Building of Persepolis

Introduction

The Building of Persepolis

Location of the Site and Size

Identification of the Site

Reconstruction Images and Virtual Tours - Links

Photographic Archives

Persepolis Site Map

Page 2

Gate & Hall

Stairway to the Gate of All Nations & Xerxes' Inscription

Gate of All Nations

The Apadana or Audience Hall

Page 3

Palace

The Hall of a Hundred Columns

The King and Queen's Palace

The Treasury

Construction Features

The Rediscovery of Persepolis

Page 4

Destruction by Alexander

Destruction Accounts

Account of Diodorus Siculus

Page 5

Videos

Persepolis Reconstructed

Page 2

Stairway to the Gate of All Nations & Xerxes' Inscription


» Page 1: Building of Persepolis

» Page 3: Palace

» Page 4: Destruction


staircase to the Gate of All Nations

Stairway to the Gate of All Nations as seen today



staircase to the Gate of All Nations - artist's reconstruction

Stairway to the Gate of All Nations - artist's reconstruction

Source: Persepolis3d.com. K. Afhami and W. Gambke


Visitors to Persepolis first ascended a 14-meter-high double stairway that lead to the Gate of Nations, also called the Gate of Xerxes. The gate contains a trilingual cuneiform stone inscription in Persian, Babylonian and Elamite (shown below) on the gate authored by King Xerxes.

Xerxes' inscription on the main gateway

King Xerxes' inscription carved into the Gate of All Nations


The stone inscription reads:

"Great is Ahura Mazda, God, who created this Earth, who created the heavens, who created humanity, who created happiness for humanity, who made Xerxes King, one King of many, one Lord of many. I am Xerxes, Great King, King of Kings, King of lands, King of many peoples, King of this land far and wide, son of Dariush the King, the Achaemenian. King Xerxes says: By the grace of Ahura Mazda I constructed this Gateway of All Nations. Many other beautiful things were constructed in Persia. I constructed them and my father constructed them. Everything we have constructed which looks beautiful we have constructed by the grace of Ahura Mazda. King Xerxes says: May Ahura Mazda protect me and my kingdom and whatever is constructed by me as well as what has been constructed by my father."

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Gate of All Nations

Gate of All Nations

Gate of All Nations as seen today


Gate of All Nations - artist's reconstruction

Gate of All Nations - artist's reconstruction

Source: Persepolis3d.com. K. Afhami and W. Gambke


Two massive stone bulls guarded the outer doorway and two winged human-headed bulls guarded the opposite, inner doorway.

All visitors entered through this gate which had three doorways leading to different areas of the complex. The doorway was used as an entrance only. Nobles left the complex through a southern doorway facing the Apadana palace, while other delegations left through the eastern gate that faces the mountain.

The Interior of the Gate of all Nations had a soaring ceiling supported by four columns and three doorways. The capitals that capped the columns were stylized representations of hanging date palm leaves. The columns represented the trunks of the palms.


The Apadana or Audience Hall

Apadana ruins

The Apadana Ruins


Apadana as seen from the outside walls - artist's reconstruction

Apadana as seen from the outside walls with the Gate of All Nations in the background
Artist's reconstruction

Source: Persepolis3d.com. K. Afhami and W. Gambke


The Apadana was the audience hall where the King received delegations.

It is an architectural wonder of the ancient world - its clever construction enabled dimensions without comparison in its time. The ceiling was supported by 36 stone columns, each 20m (60.5') high. They were the tallest and thinnest that architects had mastered in that era.


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» Page 1: Building of Persepolis
» Page 3: Palace
» Page 4: Destruction


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